How Much You Know About HIE?
Oftentimes, brain cells injury takes place in the event that the oxygen supply to the brain isn’t adequate. Some of the cells may be able to recover and some might die. A very common cause for oxygen deprivation to our brain is the low oxygen levels in our blood or perhaps, the reduced flow of oxygen to our brain. This can just happen in various ways like before birth, during birth process, after birth and at times, even during childhood.
Perinatal asphyxia, perinatal encephalopathy, neonatal encephalopathy or birth asphyxia are actually some of the alternate diagnosis for this condition. In reality, HIE injury can happen in two stages, one of it is that it can happen almost immediately after oxygen deprivation and the other is when the normal oxygenated blood circulation has resumed to the brain. This is known otherwise as reperfusion injury and it can happen when the toxins are released from damaged cells.
Many parents do wonder what HIE and how it happens. On the What part, you may be surprised that there are so many causes for HIE and these include near SIDS events, cardiac arrests, placental blood clots, aneurysm rupture, cord prolapsed, trauma during delivery, extremely low maternal blood pressure, true umbilical knots, placental abruption, uterine rupture, placental insufficiency, shoulder dystocia, cord compression, fetal maternal hemorrhage and maternal blood clotting disorders.
As for the diagnosis of HIE in newborn baby, this is carried out by using several diagnostic tools and among which is the Sarnat Scale. This happens oftentimes by checking how the baby appears to be after injury or birth or presentation at hospital. In addition to that, it can be diagnosed as well through imaging similar to MRI, ultrasound and EEG while other health experts are checking for cord blood gas levels.
As for the treatment of HIE, this one will check at the criteria first. But most of the time, it has revealed to reduce disability and death to do cooling or therapeutic hypothermia. The cooling treatment is whether you believe it or not the most used and most popular treatment used. Of course, this is not the only available treatment you can use since there are many of them worldwide.
As for the therapeutic hypothermia, it can be done on the entire body or via the cooling cap that’s placed on the head. While the newborn is on their recovery period, they may be given with other medical intervention to support organs.
The rate of babies diagnosed with HIE on the other hand runs on a ratio of 2 to 3 babies in every 1000 full term births.